Crack cocaine, also known as crack, is made by mixing cocaine powder with water and either ammonia or baking soda. The mixture is heated/cooked, removed from the leftover liquid, and dried, leaving a crystal known as crack cocaine or freebase cocaine.
Possession of crack cocaine in the United States has historically led to severe punishments, including a mandatory prison sentence for first-time offenses. The stigma of crack cocaine as a violent, highly addictive drug likely influenced these harsh penalties.
The Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 closed the gap between harsh crack cocaine possession laws and less harsh powder cocaine possession laws. Under the Fair Sentencing Act, the mandatory prison sentence was limited to people who possessed large amounts of the drug, while fines for possession increased.
Smoking crack cocaine allows the drug to enter your lungs immediately, where it leads to a short, intense high. Smoking is often done with a glass pipe. Crack cocaine abuse is a form of illicit substance abuse, which comes with a number of physical and mental health risks.
The effects of crack cocaine tend to last for a shorter time compared to powder cocaine. On average, the effects of crack last around 5 to 10 minutes, while the effects of powder cocaine last around 15 to 30 minutes.
Forms of crack cocaine addiction include severe cravings, withdrawal symptoms when trying to stop, and long-term physical effects from smoking crack. To access a crack addiction treatment program for yourself or a loved one, contact Northeast Addictions Treatment Center today.
Simply put, crack cocaine is the solid, rock-like form taken when cocaine bicarbonate is made. Although there are other methods, most often, this drug is made by adding sodium bicarbonate (also known as baking soda) to cocaine hydrochloride powder.
The difference between street cocaine, freebase cocaine, and crack rocks are mainly seen in additives and processing once the drug leaves South America. The process of cooking crack is done by adding baking soda and heat to cocaine powder. Freebase cocaine is usually considered the result of using ammonia or ether to separate cocaine from its base without the use of baking soda.
For those struggling with a crack addiction, it is a bit of a different matter. Turning cocaine powder into crack or freebase cocaine is more about the effect. In short: turning your cocaine into crack allows it to be smoked much more readily, delivering a powerful and intense high. Unfortunately, chasing this form of cocaine high can (and likely will) lead you to some very dark places.
Powder cocaine, while derived from the same coca plant, is the hydrochloric acid-based substance most often snorted (used intranasally) as a method of ingestion. While both may start their production with a coca plant in South America, relevant differences quickly emerge.
You may notice we did not give an exact formula. There are other websites and services which can do this for you. Our resources are centered on helping you look at why you might not be satisfied with even strong cocaine and how to get help for the underlying causes of this intense craving for more.
What you may not realize is that what goes up must come down, and that crash will be hard. A drug that is smoked will inevitably have a faster onset and greater addictive potential. Although the process of cooking crack might be relatively simple, getting successful treatment and achieving clean time can be tough.
In other words, if you are thinking of smoking crack to get the effectiveness of a short and fast high, realize that it will come with severe and lasting consequences. Those in recovery can confirm that crack kills and in ways that are not pretty. Smoking crack comes with a host of consequences users pay beyond the price of the drug itself.
Although cocaine does not come with the same physical withdrawal symptoms as opiates or alcohol, it can be equally difficult to endure. For the very same reasons that cocaine causes mood elevation and euphoria, crack can cause severe depressive symptoms. Cocaine and crack can bring you to emotional highs that are followed by some very dark depths.
Rehab for coke and crack provides a safe environment, where you can feel safe and welcome as you adjust to a new way of living. The process of going to rehab for crack can be a completely life-changing experience. You can put aside the problems of chasing down coke and cooking crack and all the worries that come along with it.
Crack cocaine is significantly more widespread because it produces an even more intense and rapid high than cocaine. Crack sales are also conducted more visibly in many places, with lower costs per unit and open air drug market sales common in some cities.
Aside from this, when it comes to the illegal drug manufacturing and distribution industry, crack cocaine can turn significantly higher profits when compared to regular cocaine. This is primarily because the substance is cheaper to produce.
Addiction to crack cocaine can lead to various symptoms, including mental health problems, depression, and anxiety. In some cases, users may experience paranoia or psychosis, as well as hallucinations.
Crack, unlike powder cocaine, does not dissolve in water or alcohol and is smoked rather than injected or inhaled. Smoking crack delivers a massive dose of the drug from the lungs to the brain within seconds.
Cocaine may be modified by drug dealers into crack cocaine in batches before or after being smuggled across international borders, and some consumers even choose to convert small amounts of cocaine powder into crack cocaine at home.
Making crack cocaine with baking powder is a relatively simple process. The drug is mixed into a solution of water and either sodium bicarbonate (baking soda, though ammonia may sometimes be used instead) and boiled until a solid substance is formed and removed from the mixture.
Alternatively, crack cocaine melts at only 98 C with a boiling point of 188 C, which allows the drug to be easily vaporized and smoked using paraphernalia as simple as a handheld lighter and small glass pipe.
Treatment programs for crack cocaine abuse are similar to treatment programs for cocaine addiction. Treatment services likely involve detox, cognitive behavioral therapy, group therapy, and aftercare.
Crack is produced by dissolving powdered cocaine in a mixture of water and ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda). The mixture is boiled until a solid substance forms. The solid is removed from the liquid, dried, and then broken into the chunks (rocks) that are sold as crack cocaine.
Individuals of all ages use crack cocaine--data reported in the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse indicate that an estimated 6,222,000 U.S. residents aged 12 and older used crack at least once in their lifetime. The survey also revealed that hundreds of thousands of teenagers and young adults use crack cocaine--150,000 individuals aged 12 to 17 and 1,003,000 individuals aged 18 to 25 used the drug at least once.
African American, Asian, Caucasian, and Hispanic street gangs, criminal groups, and independent dealers transport powder and crack cocaine, Mexican marijuana, and PCP to the region, but less frequently than in the past. These local, retail-level distributors avoid the risk of interdiction and law enforcement detection by purchasing illicit drugs from Mexican wholesalers in Garden City, Kansas City, Omaha, and Wichita. African American street gang members based in Chicago, Detroit, and Minneapolis also transport crack and powder cocaine and marijuana to metropolitan areas in Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.
Cocaine hydrochloride, which is cocaine in its powdered form, is primarily producedfrom the leaves of one of two species of erythroxylon plants -- erythroxylon coca orerythroxylon novogranatense --that are found principally in Peru, Bolivia, and Colombia.In one of the most commonly used procedures, coca leaves are pulverized; mixed with analkaline material (e.g., baking soda), an organic solvent (e.g., kerosene,benzol, or gasoline), and water, and then shaken. The water and leaves are then discarded.An acid (e.g., sulfuric acid) is mixed with the solution to remove residualsolvents. Baking soda is added and the mixture is dried, creating a putty-like substancecalled \"coca paste\" or \"basuco.\"
In some South American countries, the paste itself is smoked instead of being furtherprocessed into powder. The practice of smoking coca paste has never been popularized inthe United States . Coca paste is almost invariably converted into powder cocaine in theproducing country before being exported to the United States. This is accomplished by,first, dissolving coca paste in hydrochloric acid and water, and then adding potassiumsalt, which causes undesirable substances to separate from the mixture. When ammonia isadded to the remaining solution, powder cocaine precipitates out, and is then removed anddried. While the active ingredient in powder cocaine -- cocaine alkaloid -- does notdiffer from that in coca paste or crack, the salt that is added during this processrenders cocaine hydrochloride unsmokeable.(1) However, thesalt renders the cocaine hydrophilic: i.e., readily dissolvable in water. Thus,cocaine hydrochloride can be mixed with liquid and injected into the bloodstream orinsufflated (snorted) and absorbed through the nasal mucous membranes. Injecting andinsufflating are referred to as \"routes of administration.\"
The route of administration determines the rate at which a drug is absorbed into thebloodstream, which in turn determines the intensity of the body's reaction to a drug.Absorption of a drug is affected by two factors: the amount of blood flowing to the siteof consumption and the surface area over which the drug is absorbed. When cocaine isadministered through nasal insufflation, it is absorbed through the relatively small nasalmucosa in the nasal cavity. It appe